Edge Computing vs Cloud Computing: Benefits and Differences

By | April 1, 2022

Today’s businesses are awash in an ocean of data, and huge amounts of data can be routinely collected from sensors and IoT devices operating in real time from remote locations and inhospitable operating environments almost anywhere in the world. Example of edge computing can be found in worker safety and security, where data from on-site cameras, safety devices, and sensors is processed to prevent unauthorized site access and monitor employee compliance with safety policies. Since edge computing is a distributed system, ensuring adequate security can be challenging. There are risks involved in processing data outside the edge of the network. The addition of new IoT devices can also increase the opportunity for the attackers to infiltrate the device. Digital entrepreneurs today require a solution that seamlessly processes and handles real-time data.

definition of edge computing

As edge computing brings the points closer to each other, latency issues are virtually nonexistent. The subsequent sections provide an in-depth look at the traditional data handling process, the challenges faced by traditional data centers, and the core concept of edge computing. IBM provides an autonomous management offering that addresses the scale, variability and rate of change in edge environments. IBM also offers solutions to help communications companies modernize their networks and deliver new services at the edge. Rather, each business can find a unique set of benefits in one or the other that helps them achieve success in the digital world. When choosing between edge computing and cloud computing, consider costs, flexibility, and security to find the best solution.

What’s the difference between an IoT device and an edge device?

The world’s data is expected to grow 61 percent to 175 zettabytes by 2025.[18] According to research firm Gartner, around 10 percent of enterprise-generated data is created and processed outside a traditional centralized data center or cloud. Sending all that device-generated data to a centralized data center or to the cloud causes bandwidth and latency issues. Edge computing offers a more efficient alternative; data is processed and analyzed closer to the point where it’s created. Because data does not traverse over a network to a cloud or data center to be processed, latency is significantly reduced.

definition of edge computing

Edge computing is a distributed IT architecture which moves computing resources from clouds and data centers as close as possible to the originating source. The main goal of edge computing is to reduce latency requirements while processing data and saving network costs. Rugged industrial computers are often deployed in factories and manufacturing facilities for industrial automation and control. Moreover, rugged computers are great because they can consolidate workloads by grouping multiple operations onto a single system, replacing separate purpose-built hardware machines with rugged edge computing devices.

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Not only will quality suffer due to latency, but the bandwidth costs can be astronomical. The ongoing global deployment of the 5G wireless standard ties into edge computing because 5G enables faster processing for these cutting-edge, low-latency use cases Who is a UX Engineer and applications. The biggest difference between edge computing and cloud computing surrounds centralization. Whereas cloud computing is centralized, like in the “core” of a network, edge computing is decentralized in order to empower use on the edge.

  • Edge computing solutions keep costs low with lower operating costs and longevity, save key bandwidth and reduce network traffic, and empower real-time processing unburdened by latency issues that can cause serious derailments of key processes.
  • This has led to the development of a new technology called edge computing moves computing closer to end users.
  • Take a comprehensive look at what edge computing is, how it works, the influence of the cloud, edge use cases, tradeoffs and implementation considerations.
  • This document represents Lumen’s products and offerings as of the date of issue.

By employing edge cloud computing, which distributes computing to multiple locations rather than relying on a data center, the company offers better and more reliable service across its vast market and dispersed userbase. Elements that change rapidly and require more processing power are processed on the cloud. The process in edge computing is more efficient than cloud computing as the latter takes more time to fetch the data a user has requested.

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In reality, transmitting data from a device to a cloud and back does take time, but word processing is helped by being a low data requirement activity. Edge computing is transforming the ways in which data is managed and processed from billions of devices around the world. Edge computing is where data processing happens closer to where things, devices and people produce and consume that data. Analysts predict that Edge Computing is the next big wave in the technology world after Cloud Computing. Edge computing helps to reduce network traffic and data center utilization. The amount of data traveling the network may be considerably reduced with Edge Computing, saving up bandwidth.

IoT-based power grid system enables communication of electricity and data to monitor and control the power grid,[32] which makes energy management more efficient. Edge Computing requires a robust security plan including advanced authentication methods and proactively tackling attacks. Sync is a cloud-based file storage, document collaboration, and sharing platform. For example, suppose one employee wants to deliver some urgent message to another employee in the same company premises. It takes more time to send the message as it routes outside the building and communicates with a distant server located anywhere in the world and then comes back as a received message.

Edge Computing vs. Cloud Computing

Edge devices can be considered part of the IoT when the object has enough storage and compute to make low latency decisions and process data in milliseconds. This can be seen in the proliferation of compute, storage and network appliance products specifically designed for edge computing. More multivendor partnerships will enable better product interoperability and flexibility at the edge.

When you’re ready to start moving your resources to the edge, we can help you manage your multiple cloud and edge locations efficiently and cost effectively. If you’re thinking of moving your business to the edge, you should understand the various deployment options and how they align with your business and IT goals. Added benefits include greater reliability, potentially stronger security and lower costs, giving companies a powerful incentive to move some of their processing to the edge. While MEC has wide-ranging possibilities across business, government, and consumer contexts, it is particularly important in any high-stakes scenario, such as medicine, public safety, the military, or autonomous vehicles.

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The industry must work towards common standards to ensure that edge devices and software can work together seamlessly. For one, the edge also introduces new security challenges if you don’t implement the appropriate security measures. This is because, edge devices are often distributed across various locations, making them susceptible to physical security threats. The adoption of edge computing has brought about data analytics to a whole new level. More and more companies are relying on this technology for data-driven operations that require lightning-fast results.

definition of edge computing

As the name suggests, the premises edge is dedicated compute and storage that resides on customer premises—for example, a corporate office, sports stadium, retail store or a manufacturing plant. You thought you had the basic concepts of edge computing down pat, and then someone had to come along and throw the word “mobile” in front of it. An enterprise application platform with a unified set of tested services for bringing apps to market on your choice of infrastructure. If the vehicle needed to stop or turn quickly to avoid an accident, sending data back and forth from the vehicle to the cloud to be processed would take too long. Accelerate data monetization to extend applications and models to the edge for real-time insights, without the need to move your data. IBM Power® Systems and IBM Storage solutions put AI models to work at the edge.

Edge Computing Versus Cloud Computing

Deploying servers and data storage at or near the location where the data is generated, edge computing enables multiple devices to operate over a more efficient and smaller LAN where local devices generating data can use the available bandwidth. Because rugged edge computers are hardened, they can be deployed in oil and gas fields where the temperatures often reach and slightly exceed 50°C without running into thermal issues such as thermal throttling. Rugged edge computing solutions can be used to monitor the large number of assets deployed in the fields to ensure that oil and gas production facility runs smoothly without interruptions to field operations. Rugged edge computers are used to monitor the performance and control the oil production process. Edge computing is an emerging technology that lets operators host content and applications close to the edge of the network.

How Businesses Are Leveraging Edge Computing for Big Benefit

This placement at the edge helps to increase operational efficiency and is responsible for many advantages to the system. Leverage an edge computing solution that nurtures the ability to innovate and can handle the diversity of equipment and devices in today’s marketplace. Edge computing reduces the exposure of data to potential attacks by keeping it closer to the source. It allows organizations to add new resources on demand, which guarantees business continuity. Any data that doesn’t need to be sent to the cloud is safer from potential data thieves. Other notable edge computing providers are Cloudflare, StackPath, Intel, EdgeConnex, and more.

On the other end of the spectrum, vendors in particular verticals are increasingly marketing edge services that they will manage for you. An organization that wants to go this route can simply ask a vendor to install its own hardware, software and networking and pay a regular fee for use and maintenance. Edge computing brings powerful benefits, particularly in the form of reduced latency, performance under harsh conditions, and more. The two can certainly be combined, forming a well-rounded ecosystem that empowers operators to choose the best use of each to get the most out of a holistic network. Multi-access Edge Computing (MEC) is the edge computing standard architecture created by the European Telecommunications Standards Institute’s (ETSI’s) MEC group. Edge Computing is closer to data source and limit, and figuring tasks should be possible in the edge enrolling center point, which diminishes the center data transmission process.

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